A Guide to Getting Straight Teeth
Braces are a type of treatment used in orthodontics to align the teeth and give the right shape to the arches. It serves essentially to align and straighten the crooked teeth and allows you to solve problems that go beyond the simple aesthetics of the smile.
The reasons why a person needs orthodontics during childhood or in adulthood can be found within the individual arches upper and lower or can be related to how they meet each other. The cause can quite often be a mixture of both. The upper jaw and line of teeth should be slightly larger and wider than the lower if both jaws are in the correct place. Very often people will have one jaw smaller or larger than it ought to be or positioned further back or further forward than is quite right and this will have an effect on the tooth position. Equally the line up of teeth may be too large or too small for the bone they are sitting on leading to either crowding or spacing. The loss of some teeth also can cause the remaining teeth to move into unaesthetic positions.
What type of orthodontic device to choose to solve these diverse problems? Let’s see the options available.
What type of Orthodontic Treatments are there?
Below we look at the pros and cons of each orthodontic treatment, all differ in how they work, the cost, the treatment time, so its important to choose the right one for you.
This is the most common type of orthodontic treatment. It is composed of metal brackets placed on each tooth connected by a metal arch , which places a controlled force on the dentition to realign it.
- The fixed device is a highly effective solution since it acts on the teeth 24 hours a day.
- there are no compliance issues as it is not removable.
- It is generally faster in solving the problems for which it is designed.
- places the teeth in a very stable position
- can accomplish any tooth movement
- The brackets and the wire are very evident in the mouth of the wearer.
- Oral hygiene can be difficult since the apparatus can never be removed until the end of treatment, not even to brush teeth.
The fixed transparent appliance works in the same way as the traditional appliance, but it is composed of ceramic attachments and white coated wires, which do not contrast with the colour of the teeth.
- The aesthetic effect is much better since the apparatus is not very visible
- The price is higher than the traditional model
- The possible yellowing of the ceramic material
- more frequent breakages of brackets
- can wear opposing teeth as are very hard –not suitable for every bite
The brackets are placed on the inside of the tooth, facing the tongue. Thus, the solution is practically invisible from the outside.
- Invisible, positioned behind the teeth
- The treatment usually is much more expensive than traditional orthodontics since it requires more sophisticated techniques and more expensive components
- Internal brackets can make oral hygiene even more complex and be annoying for the patient
- not suitable for every bite type
- each bracket is customised so are harder to replace in the event of a fracture
Invisible, removable appliances consist of a series of transparent resin aligners for the gradual alignment of the teeth. The aligners are created to fit the patient’s teeth and must be worn for at least 22 hours a day, but can be removed to eat and brush teeth. They are replaced every 1 to 2 weeks, depending on the case. The patient can do it alone at home. With approximately 8 week reviews
- Better Oral hygiene
- The device is comfortable and less irritant to the tongue and gums
- Slight soreness and speech difficulties are possible at the time of treatment however disappear naturally in a short time
- The invisible appliance costs more than traditional models.
- needs the patient to have the discipline to wear the brace
- finds some particular types of tooth movement difficult
Am I suitable to get braces?
Children – Early Orthodontic Treatment
Braces appliance in childhood allows treatment of functional problems early so future growth is not affected negatively
For children from 6 to 10 years, the goal of orthodontics is to treat the underlying problem before it is developed thereby either avoiding orthodontics in the future or making future orthodontics much easier.
The common jaw-related cases that occur in children are when one jaw is too advanced compared to the other, or the palate may be too narrow. Early or interceptive orthodontics in these cases can be achieved when the bones are especially malleable. Unfortunately, kids can be cruel sometimes and sticking out teeth can be a cause of teasing. Correction of this problem early is unlikely to stop the need for further braces in the early teens but may get a child over a difficult time and will dramatically reduce the risk of trauma to the front teeth. Teeth that project are at a much greater risk of trauma, with over double the normal risk even with only moderate protrusion. The use of devices in some children can also avoid the need for surgery in adulthood.
We recommend early screening from age 6-7 to avoid more severe complications, especially if you make one of the following observations:
- Your child’s teeth overlap or are crowded
- Some permanent teeth do not seem to grow back after the loss of milk teeth
- There is a shift of the lower jaw off to the side upon closing
Adults – Orthodontic Treatment in people over 16
In adults, orthodontics helps to improve self-esteem and to treat various bite issues too.
The desire to show off a radiant smile is often the primary motivation for starting orthodontic treatment. But far from being purely aesthetic, the use of an appliance in adults can also meet functional needs.
More and more commonly now adults are opting for a short course of orthodontic treatment before aesthetic dentistry like veneers or composite bonding to increase the quality of the final result.
Today there are many options for adults who are looking for an effective and discreet orthodontic treatment. Among them –aligner therapy, ceramic aesthetic brackets or indeed appliances on the inside of your teeth – that is the tongue side.
Short term orthodontics
This refers to a myriad of different systems such as Six Month Smiles, Invisalign Go or Quick Straight Teeth. All of these concentrate on the front six teeth which are sometimes called the ‘social six’. Correcting the alignment of these the most visible teeth is often the most important thing to a person who may not necessarily be too worried about how their back teeth are meeting. Because of the more limited number of movements required this treatment can usually be finished in a more rapid time frame.
Teenagers -Orthodontic Treatment on permanent teeth
The vast majority of childhood orthodontics is carried out in early adolescence just after the final baby teeth have been lost. It is quite a good time to treat children as the teeth are ready and the children are ready. At this age, children tend to go along with things and are at a good age for putting up with the braces. It helps that quite a few of their peers will have braces and in our experience kids are very excited about getting braces in the main. Some treatments also seek to harness the adolescent growth spurt and encourage favourable growth of on jaw versus the other.
It is the ideal time to install an appliance as the results are more likely to be accurate and durable. Treatments between the ages of 11 and 13 are often more straightforward, faster, and complication-free.
Invisalign also has a line of treatment specifically for teenagers. This, however, demands a high level of care and awareness on the part of the teenager as if the Invisalign aligners are not worn they won’t work and will be lost or broken.
Orthodontic Treatments you may consider
Herre we look at the pros and cons of each orthodontic treatment, all differ in how they work, the cost, the treatment time, so its important to choose the right one for you.
Fixed Braces are an orthodontic treatment chosen to create an attractive smile which is consistently voted along with eyes as the first thing people notice and rate. They can correct any anomalies related to the position of the teeth and their correct development. Fixed braces as the name suggests are stuck onto the teeth and are often called train tracks.
The clear appliance is an almost invisible method to align teeth and can be used by teenagers and adults. It is a removable device consisting of a series of transparent aligners in resin that can be positioned and removed by the patient. Each aligner is tailor-made for the patient and is changed and placed in the dental arches every 1-2 weeks to move the teeth slowly into place.
Aesthetic orthodontics uses arches and brackets similar to those used in normal orthodontics. The main difference is that aesthetic ceramic brackets and white archwires make the appliance much less visible. Aesthetic orthodontics have the same efficacy as traditional orthodontics. It consists of correcting the position of the teeth but using barely visible materials and components.
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